India wins the Security Council elections as a non-permanent member from the Asia-Pacific category for a two year term. India gets 184 votes out of 192, this is the 8th time that India has been elected to UN Security Council.
India, Ireland, Mexico and Norway also won the Security Council elections held Wednesday, for the term 2021-2022.
How non permanent members of UN Security Council gets elected ?
As of now UN Security Council has 15 members, 5 permanent member with veto power and 10 non-permanent members, five of which are elected each year by the General Assembly for a two-year term.
5 permanent member countries of security council are: China, France, Russian Federation , United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States of America.
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Originally, there were 11 members of the Security Council: 5 permanent and 6 non-permanent members, but in 1963, the General Assembly recommended an amendment to the Charter to increase the membership of the UN Security Council from 11 to 15.
The UN Security Council has set the pattern for geographic representation of non-permanent members as follows:
5 from African and Asian States, 1 from Eastern European States, 2 from Latin American States and 2 from Western European and other States.
There were 192 Member States present for voting in the security, each state has one vote and for becoming non-permanent member in UNSC 2/3 vote were required which is 128 votes.
How member states votes in non-procedural matters.
UN Charter Article 27(3) states that votes in the Security Council on non-procedural matters “shall be made by an affirmative vote of nine members including the concurring votes of the permanent members”– this is often called the veto power of permanent members.
This time for the two vacant seats from African and Asia-Pacific States, Djibouti, India and Kenya were the candidates. For the one vacant seat from among the Latin American and Caribbean States, one endorsed candidate was Mexico. For the two vacant seats from among the Western European and other States, Canada, Ireland and Norway were the three candidates.