Scarcity of Water is a global concern and the time is near when water could be the epicenter of Global War. Fast depletion of groundwater, flood or drought, polluted or shrinking rivers and lakes, vanishing forests and wetlands are not just things happening far away.
As a developing nation, India cannot afford the risks and obstacles placed by sustained water scarcity in its path.
Water directly hits the economic growth of a country.
One of the most student voices pointing out the economic aspect of water crisis is the government own NITI Aayog which has said that India could loose 6% GDP by 2050 due to water crisis.
In India, states like Kerela, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Delhi have low performance in CWMI (Composite Water Management Index) and the scores of this States are below 50 in this Index.
Water Crisis can hit in many ways, by hitting agriculture and thus food output thereby putting hold on industrial growth and urbanisation of the country.
Our cities are in big trouble. Chennai has become the poster city for urban water distress after 4 of its major reservoir ran empty due to poor rainfall.
WRI (World Resource Index) said that cities like Bengaluru and Mumbai will face a time when taps will run completely dry.
A Water Stress Index developed by the UK based risk analytics firm Vilrisk Maplecroft found that 11 of India’s 20 largest cities face extreme water crisis. It includes Chennai, Delhi, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Nashik, Jaipur, Indore and Ahmedabad. 20 Indian Cities could run out of Groundwater by 2020, affecting 10 crore people.
Rural communities in India who are situated in outskirts of urban areas also have little choice but to drill wells to access the groundwater sources.
India’s water crisis is often attributed to lack of government planning, increased corporate, privatisation, industrialization, human waste and government corruption. The overall population is expected to increase to 1.6 billion by year 2050. Global water scarcity is expected to become a leading cause of national political conflict in the future. 100 million children in the country lacks water.
India consumes about 1/4th of the globally available groundwater. Overall 89% of Groundwater extracted in India goes towards irrigation. About 85% of rural India’s water need and 62% of irrigation needs are met with ground water. Groundwater has declined to 61% from 2007-2017. It clearly indicates it’s now or never