looked back. Let us see the upcoming big projects of Indian Space Research
Organisation that is going to launch in future.
|Logo adopted by ISRO in 2002|
There are 7 big projects on which ISRO is currently working and all the
missions are going to launch after Chandrayan 2.
RISAT-1A or Radar Imaging Satellite 1-A, which is a follow up mission of RISAT, is a remote sensing satellite which is being developed by Indian Space
Research Organisation. RISAT-1A will be third satellite in its series.
RISAT-1A is planned to launch on late
2019 from Satish Dhawan Launch Center. This satellite will have a total mass of
1885 KG and will be launched by PSLV (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle).
The satellite will carry Synthetic Aperture Radar that will operate at 5.33 GHz in C band. Synthetic Aperture Radar can be used in observation of earth irrespective of light and weather condition, the area being imaged.
ADITYA L1 (2020)
|Aditya L1 deployed configuration
Aditya L1 is a spacecraft mission to study the sun. It will be designed and developed in collaboration with ISRO and various Indian research institutes. The launch mass of mission is 1500 KG and the payload mass is 244 KG (approx). This mission will be launched, using PSLV XL from Sriharikota.
Aditya L1 is meant to observe the solar cornea. The outer layer of the sun, with additional experiments like providing observations of Sun’s Photosphere (soft and hard X-ray), Chromosphere (UV) and corona (Visible and NIR).In addition, particle payloads will study the particle flux, emanating from the Sun and reaching the L1 orbit, and the magnetometer payload will measure the variation in magnetic field strength at the halo orbit around L1.
These are the instruments that Aditya L1 will carry :
VELC Visible Emission Line Coronagraph.
SUIT Solar Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope.
ASPEX Aditya Solar wind Particle Experiment.
PAPA Plasma Analyser Package for Aditya.
SoLEXS Solar Low Energy X-ray Spectrometer.
HEL1OS High Energy L1 Orbiting X-ray Spectrometer.
NISAR or the NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar is a joint project between NASA and ISRO. This satellite will be the first radar imaging satellite to work on dual frequencies (L & S Band).
This satellite is designed to observe and take measurements of some of the planet’s most complex processes. These includes ecosystem disturbances, ice-
sheet collapse and natural hazards such as earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions
This mission is going to be launched from Sriharikota using GSLV MKII launch
– L-band (24-centimeter wavelength) Polarimetric Synthetic Aperture Radar
– S-band (12-centimeter wavelength) Polarimetric Synthetic Aperture Radar
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Gaganyaan is one of the most ambitious mission of ISRO as well as for India. Gaganyaan is an Indian crewed spacecraft mission, intended to send human on space. The spacecraft is being designed to carry three peope. ISRO is working very hard to meet the deadline. Government approved 10,000 Crore INR for this mission.
The capsule will orbit the Earth at 400 km (250 mi) altitude for up to seven days with a crew of three-person on board. The crewed vehicle is planned to be launched on ISRO’s GSLV Mk III in December 2021.In December 2020, ISRO is going to launch it’s first uncrewed mission before the crewed launch. The astronauts will have to spend 7 days in space.
ISRO is working on this project since 2014. The Indian Space Research Organisation’s Pad Abort Test was conducted successfully on 5 July 2018.
HAL (Hindustan Aeronautics Limited) is also a partner of ISRO in Gaganyaan
Shukrayaan-1 is ISRO’ orbiter mission to Venus.This mission is planned to
study the surface and atmosphere of Venus.This project was proposed to
launch on 2023.
This mission was going to launch from Sriharikota, using GSLV MKIII as a launch
vehicle. Government has released fund for Shukrayaan-1 in 2017 to compete preliminary study.
The initial elliptical orbit around Venus is expected to have 500 km at periapsis
and 60,000 km at apoapsis. The success of Chandrayan and Mangalyaan made
ISRO to launch a venus mission.
The discussion in between ISRO and France (CNES) is going to jointly develop
autonomous navigation and aerobraking technologies in collaboration.
Mangalyaan-2 or MOM 2 is the second Mars Orbiter Mission from ISRO. Some
reports also confirms that Mangalyaan-2 will include Lander and Rover as well.
Well sending the lander and rover highly depends on the success of Chandrayan-2.
There is a high possibility that ISRO will use GSLV rocket for this mission, but this
still needs to be officially confirmed. The Indian government funded MOM 2
project in the 2017 budget.
We don’t have too much information available, related to this project.
There is very little information available in public forum regarding Chandrayaan 3. Some reports says that India and Japan will jointly work on this project, where a Japanese rocket will use to send Chandrayaan 3 in lunar orbit.
As of now, 2024 is the preliminary launch year of Chandrayaan-3.