In an another significant development, India successfully conducted first test of Next Generation variant of Akash Surface to Air missile known as Akash-NG on Monday from a test facility off the coast Odhisa.
The missile intercepted the target with text book precision. The launch met all the test objectives by performing high maneuvers during the trajectory. The performance of the Command and Control system, onboard avionics and aerodynamic configuration of the missile was successfully validated during the trial.
During the test launch, entire flight path of the missile was monitored and the flight data was captured by various Range instruments such as Radar, EOTS and Telemetry systems deployed by ITR, Chandipur. The Multi Function Radar was tested for its capability of integration with the system.
It is a medium-range mobile surface-to-air missile defense system developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and produced by Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL)
The Next Generation variant is capable in intercepting highly manoeuvring targets like UAVs, aircraft & missiles at extended range than current Akash missiles.
Unlike its predecessor, Next Generation variant will become more mobile, compact and a low cost air defence system and the reaction is also improved in the Next Generation variant.
Akash-NG is powered by a dual-pulse solid rocket motor which is lighter and cheaper than air breathing ramjet engine, which is currently fitted Akash MK1/MK2/1s Missiles.
With the help of dual pulse rocker motor the missiles are able to intercept aerial targets at the extended range of about 80 KM and ability to launch from canister based launchers will further increase the life of missiles.
Just like Barak 8, Akash is also a MRSAM (Medium Range Surface to Air Missile) system. Where Barak 8 is a joint venture between India & Israel, Akash is a homegrown system.
Barak 8 has more range than Akash but it can hit target at an altitude of 16 KM whereas it can neutralise aerial targets at an altitude of 18 KM.
This system has the capability to engage up to 10 targets simultaneously, from subsonic targets like Drones and Subsonic cruise missiles to supersonic targets like fighter aircraft and ballistic missiles.
The missiles is fitted with optical proximity fuse which will detonate warhead at the proximity. Unlike any RF (Radio Frequency) fuse, an optical fuse project narrow beams of laser light towards its target and when the laser strike the target, it reflected back to the fuse, the detectors sense it and detonate the warhead at the proximity. Optical seeker are much more secure against jamming than any RF fuse.
It will be compliment by an advance Active Electronically Scanned Array Multi Function Radar for target acquisition.