News National 101 years of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, Everything you need to know

101 years of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, Everything you need to know

Jallianwala bagh massacre
Representative Image (Courtesy:- India Today)

Today is 101 Years of Jallianwala Bagh massacre. This Massacre is one of the most heinous act committed by Britishers. In this article get to know everything about Jallianwala Bagh massacre.

Background

The Allied Power (France, Russia, Britain, USA, Italy) to rally the colonies in to their side during the World War had promised them an era of democracy and self determination after the war.

After the World War over the British Government, not prepared to part or even share its power with the Indians, once again Britishers resorted the policy of ‘Carrot and Stick’. The Carrot was represented by the Montagu–Chelmsford Reforms, while measures such as the Rowlatt Act represented the stick.

Note:- The Montagu–Chelmsford Reforms or more briefly known as Mont-Ford Reforms were reforms introduced by the colonial government in British India to gradually introduce self-governing institutions in India.

In March 1919, they passed the Rowlatt Act even though every single Indian member of Center Legislative Assembly  oppose it. This act authorized the government, to imprison any person without trial and conviction in a court of law, this act enables the government to suspend the right of Habeas corpus whuch had been foundation of the civil liberties in Britain.

Note:- Habeas corpus is a recourse in law through which a person can report an unlawful detention or imprisonment to a court and request that the court order the custodian of the person, usually a prison official is responsible to bring the prisoner to court, to determine whether the detention is lawful

Our nationalist leaders got angered with thus act, and as a result Gandhi Ji decided to launch Rowlatt Satyagraha on April 6 1919.

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

April 13 1919, marked a turning point in the Indian freedom struggle. It was Baisakhi that day, a harvest festival popular in Punjab and in parts of North India. Large crowd of people mostly from neighbouring villages, unware of prohibitory orders (Rowlatt Act) had gathered in the city to show their resistance against the arrest of their leader Saifuddin Kitchlew and Satyapal.

The crowd had a mix of man, women and children. They all gathered in park called Jallianwala Bagh walled on all sides has a few small gates, against the order of British. The protest was a peaceful one, but the army surrounded the gathering under under the command of Colonel Reginald Dyer, and blocked the only exit point and opened fire on the unarmed innocent crowd killing around 1000.

The incident was followed by uncivilised brutalities on this inhabitants of Amritsar. The entire nation was stunned. Rabindranath Tagore renounced his knighthood and Gandhi Ji withdraw the movement (Rowlatt Satyagraha).

Aditya Raj
Writer & Co-founder of InfotOnline.

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