What is Dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a learning disorders that affects the ability to read, write and spell. Kids with dyslexia are often hardworking, creative and smart but they have trouble in connecting the sounds.
Dyslexia is very common in India. On average there are more than 10 million cases of dyslexia in India every year. Dyslexia can be found in Adults too.
Dyslexia does not reflect an overall defect in language, but a localized weakness within the phonologic module of the brain (where sounds of language are put together to form words or break words down into sounds)
Facts about Dyslexia
- A dyslexic uses the right side of the brain to process the language but a non dyslexic uses the 3 areas on his left side of his brain to process the language.
- Dyslexia is generally caused by genes. Children have 50% chance of dyslexia if one parents has it.
- Those with dyslexia requires more mental energy. A dyslexc requires 5 times more energy to complete a mental task as compared to normal person.
- People suffering from dyslexia also suffer from ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder).
- Dyslexia is not a disease so there is no cure. It’s a learning disability that includes difficulty in the use/processing of linguistic and symbolic codes, alphabetic letters representing speech sounds or number and quantities.
- The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services estimates that 15% of the population has dyslexia.
- Dyslexia cannot be cured but with speech therapy the dyslexic can show improvement over time.
- Some of the most intelligent minds of our time have been known to have dyslexia Albert Einstein, Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Edison, Winston Churchill, Benjamin Franklin, John Lennon.
- Yale researcher have shown when people with dyslexia try to read the front part of the brain is over stimulated while crucial portions in the centre and back are under stimulated.
Solutions To Cure Dyslexia
- Research has shown that explicit systematic phonics can help in rewiring the brain and help dyslexic.
- The use of Orton-Gillingham approach can significantly compensate for the language learning and the problems that arise from dyslexia.