The controversial Citizenship Amendment Bill 2019 is reality now, (until and unless Supreme Court reverse the decision) we decided to dig deep inside this bill and give you a clear idea about, What’s the Good & Bad things about this Bill.
As the name suggests Citizenship Amendment Bill 2019 is going to amend the Citizenship Act of 1955. This bill is going to give Citizenship to the minorities living in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bangladesh, not to snatch Indian Citizenship from people’s. Before moving forward let’s understand in detail about what is Citizenship Bill of 1955 ?
1) Citizenship by Birth:- Every person born in India,-
- On or after the 26th day of January,1950, but before the 1st day of July, 1987;
- On or after the 1st day of July, 1987, but before the commencement of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2003 and either of whose parents is a citizen of India at the time of his birth;
- On or after the commencement of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2003, where
- Both of his parents are citizens of India; or
- One of whose parents is a citizen of India and the other is not an illegal migrant at the time of his birth, shall be a citizen of India by birth.
2) Citizenship by descent.- (1) A person born outside India shall be a citizen of India by descent,-
- On or after the 26th day of January, 1950, but before the 10th day of December, 1992, if his father is a citizen of India at the time of his birth; or
- On or after the 10th day of December,1992, if either of his parents is a citizen of India at the time of his birth.
3) Citizenship by naturalization :-
- Citizenship of India by naturalization can be acquired by a foreigner who is ordinarily resident in India for 12 years (throughout the period of 12 months immediately preceding the date of application and for 11 years in the aggregate of 14 years preceding the 12 months) and other qualifications as specified in Section 6 (1) of the Citizen Act,1955.
Citizenship Amendment Bill 2019
The Citizenship Amendment Bill 2019 seeks to provide Indian citizenship to illegal refugees from 6 communities which include Hindu, Buddhist, Sikh, Christian, Jain, and Parsi, coming from Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan.
To grant Citizenship under CAB 2019 these illegal migrants (Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians communities) of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan must stay at least 5 years in India before applying for Indian citizenship through naturalization.
The Citizenship Amendment Bill 2019 proposes to grant citizenship to the non-Muslims from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh who arrived in India before December 31, 2014. Any migrants who is staying in India before December 31, 2014 and identify themselves from any of the said communities will get Indian Citizenship even if they lacks legal documents.
What is the need of CAB ?
As we all know the conditions of minorities in these country are really worsen. As in Pakistan the total Hindu population in 1947 was 23% whereas in 2011 this percentage came as low as 3.7%. Hindu population in Bangladesh was 22% in 1947 and 7.8% in 2011. In Afghanistan we all know what Taliban is doing to every minorities communities.
These are all the point which is also quoting by Center in order to defend its Citizenship Amendment Bill.
Demerits of Citizenship Amendment Bill 2019.
Central government advertising this act as they are trying to save religious minorities as they are not safe in those countries, but this is not true because the bill does not protect all religious minorities.
Shia Muslims and Ahmadiyya Muslim were facing great discrimination and they were also living very tough life same as other minorities living in Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh as all of them is Sunni Majority region. Even atheist in Bangladesh is also under threat but they are too ignored in this bill.
Why Assam opposing CAB 2019 ?
In Northeast the Inner Line permit states and the states which came under 6 Schedule of Indian Constitution are the exception in this bill. In simple word CAB will not be applicable in these States. In case of Assam there are some tribal area which come under 6 Schedule and protected but the major area’s in Assam is not come under 6 Schedule. CAB will cover a large part of Assam. The protests stem from the fear that illegal Bengali migrants from Bangladesh, if regularized under CAB, will threaten cultural and linguistic identities of the state as they are already facing the problem of illegal migrants since 1971.
If you want a in depth analysis over Assam burning inform us in the comments.