The countries are being lockdown, the economies are shattering, people are being alerted as more and more cases of the novel Coronavirus are increasing, by each passing day. Coronavirus has been declared as a Global Pandemic by World Health Organisation. Currently 2,19,345 people are affected from the novel virus and 8,969 people have lost their lives. But it’s not the first time any pandemic happened,
The world has seen some of the most worst pandemics that wiped out population starting from 541 CE. With progression of human population the viruses also got flourished, when there was no such awareness about health, sanitisation, nutrition.
Here’s the list of 5 Pandemic that shook the World:
1) Plague Of Justinian
Yerinia Pestis, a single bacterium was responsible for causing three of the most deadliest pandemics. Yerinia Pestis is a fatal infection also known as Plague. The Plague Of Justinian was originated in Constantinople, Byzantine Empire in 541 CE.
The Plague spread across the globe and engulfed Europe,Asia, Arabia and Africa. It almost killed nearly 50 million people, perhaps half of the world population then.
2) Black Death
The Black Death was one of the most devastating pandemics, which took away life of nearly 200 million people. The Plague returned 800 years later in a new form and made a disastrous impact in Europe.
According to Mockaitis, people had no knowledge on how to stop the disease but they had found out, proximity is the key.
It was the first time when quarantine was invented. The newly arrived sailors were kept in isolation for 30 days. As time went on the quarantine period was increased from 30 days to 40 days.
3) The Great Plague Of London
The Black Death never left London it came back after every 20 years, and in each of this epidemic 15%-20% of men, women and children living in the city were being killed.
By 1500 England imposed their first law of isolating the person who is suffering. Homes stricken by plague were marked with a bale of hay strung to a pole outside. If you had infected family members, you had to carry a white pole when you went out in public. The cats and dogs were also believed to be the carrier of the desease.
The black death was so dangerous that it left 100000 people dead just in 7 months. Every form of entertainment ware banned and people were forcibly shut in their house.
4) Small Pox
Small Pox now seems a very common disease but once it was not. It spread across Africa, Arabia,Europe and Asia and almost kill 3% of people. The small pox was first discovered in 15 th Century.
The indigenous people of modern day Mexico had 0 immunity and the disease had cut them down.
Mockaitis said, “There hasn’t been a kill off in human history to match what happened in the Americas—90 to 95 percent of the indigenous population wiped out over a century,”
In 18th century the vaccine was discovered by Edward Jenner to fight Small Pox. Jenner infected his Gardner son with cowpox and then exposed him to small pox, and no effect was found.
In the 19th Century Cholera caused hazardous effect on mankind. Cholera was originated in England and killed millions of people. The scientific theory said that ‘miasma’ name of component of foul air caused the disease but British Doctor James Snow suspected that the famous disease was originated because of lack of sanitisation and was originated from drinking water.
There hasn’t been a kill off in human history to match what happened in the Americas—90 to 95 percent of the indigenous population wiped out over a century,” says Mockaitis.
Cholera is still one of the silent killers in underdeveloped countries where there no facilities and knowledge regarding health, hygiene and sanitation.